Up@dawn 2.0

Monday, February 3, 2014

Group 1: Normative Mind Science

Q: True or False—Flanagan argues that thinking about our natures and our lives in ways that incorporate superstition and wishful thinking is childish and unbecoming to rational social animals such as us.  A:  True

Q: True or False—According to Martha Nussbaum, the Hellenistic philosophical schools in Greece and Rome-Epicureans, Skeptics, and Stoics-all conceived philosophy as a way of addressing the most painful problems of human life.  A: True

Discussion question:  Do you think Flanagan has successfully closed the old fashioned is-ought or fact-value gap?  Did his "skyhooks" v. "cranes" analogy make sense to you? 

Here's an excerpt from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy concerning Hume's is-ought gap. The full link is here:

According to the dominant twentieth-century interpretation, Hume says here that no ought-judgment may be correctly inferred from a set of premises expressed only in terms of ‘is,’ and the vulgar systems of morality commit this logical fallacy. This is usually thought to mean something much more general: that no ethical or indeed evaluative conclusion whatsoever may be validly inferred from any set of purely factual premises.

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