1. (Again:) Plato's Euthyphro poses what dilemma, and why does the popular perception of a tight link between religion and ethics persist?
2. Saying that ethical deliberations answer only to a local ethical code leads to what?
3. In the rudimentary ethical project of our ancestors, the likeliest emotion motivating conformity was what? (Hint: listen to the 2,000 Year Old Man...transcript)
4. What is the important achievement of ethical revolutionaries?
5. What Deweyan judgment does Kitcher say we should endorse?
6. The center of secular value is what?
- Do you agree that most secular accounts "reduce ethical life to the expression of subjective attitudes"? 27 Are inter-subjective attitudes stronger?
- Why do you think Kitcher considers Darwinian construals of goodness in terms of reproductive success inadequate? 29 Do you agree?
- How do you explain the widely-shared recognition of the wrongness of slavery (30) and the growth of "responsiveness" (32)?
- Was there a non-arbitrary threshold that truly began the ethical project? 36
- Is "progress from," rooted in problem-solving, a better concept than progress to a fixed goal? (42) Is progress real?
- Do you agree that "truth happens to an idea" rather than subsisting eternally? 45
- Is there a cure for our "old disease"? 48
- Is it fair to insist that participants in ethical discussions "accept a ban on appealing to substantive religious doctrines"? 50
- Is a redistribution of material resources and reconfiguration of economic and political institutions essential to the ethical project? 51
- Is there a place for Nietzschean "free spirits" in the evolution of ethics? 52
- Do you agree that we're "always already" ethical? 53
- Can fiction do philosophical and ethical work? 55 Does good fiction do it better than philosophy? Can you give an example?
Religious children are meaner than their secular counterparts, study finds
Children from religious families are less kind and more punitive than those from non-religious households, according to a new study.
Academics from seven universities across the world studied Christian, Muslim and non-religious children to test the relationship between religion and morality.
They found that religious belief is a negative influence on children’s altruism.
“Overall, our findings ... contradict the commonsense and popular assumption that children from religious households are more altruistic and kind towards others,” said the authors of The Negative Association Between Religiousness and Children’s Altruism Across the World, published this week in Current Biology... (continues)